Periodontal disease, also called gum disease, is mainly caused by bacteria from plaque-and tartar build up. Other factors that have the potential to cause gum disease may include:

  • Tobacco use
  • Clenching or grinding your teeth
  • Certain medications
  • Genetics

How do I know if I have gum disease?

  • Red, bleeding, and/or swollen gums
  • Bad breath
  • Mobile/loose teeth
  • Tooth sensitivity caused by receding gums
  • Abscessed teeth
  • Tooth loss
Gum Disease

How can I keep my teeth and gums healthy?

  • Brush your teeth twice a day (with a fluoride toothpaste).
  • Floss regularly to remove plaque from between teeth. Or use a device such as a special brush or wooden or plastic pick recommended by a dental professional.
  • Visit the dentist routinely for check-ups and professional cleaning.
  • Avoid smoking.

Treatments for Gum Disease

Depending on the type of gum disease, some of the available treatment options are:

  • Removal of plaque and calculus by way of scaling done by your dental hygienist or dentist.
  • Medications such as chlorhexidine gluconate, a mouth rinse prescribed by your dentist or hygienist to help kill the bacteria in your mouth, along with frequent cleanings.
  • Surgery may be necessary in certain cases to stop, halt, or minimize the progression of periodontal disease. Surgery is also used to replace bone that was lost in advanced stages of the disease.

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